Article 51

Article 51 – Right to a judicial remedy against a supervisory authority

1. Member States shall provide for the right to a judicial remedy against decisions of a supervisory authority.

2. Each data subject shall have the right to a judicial remedy for obliging the supervisory authority to act on a complaint, in the absence of a decision which is necessary to protect their rights, or where the supervisory authority does not inform the data subject within three months on the progress or outcome of the complaint pursuant to point (b) of Article 45(1).

3. Member States shall provide that proceedings against a supervisory authority shall be brought before the courts of the Member State where the supervisory authority is established.

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